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Sweet biscuits had previously been imported from England.
When such sweets achieved a measure of popularity in this country, Belcher and Larrabee, cracker bakers in Albany, New York, imported machinery and methods for baking them shortly after the Civil War.
Small cakes and delicate wafers were gradually added to the family of biscuits. A kind of crisp dry bread more or less hard, prepared generally in thin flat cakes. In Scotland the usual name for a baker's plain bun; in U. While the English primarily referred to cookies as small cakes, seed biscuits, or tea cakes, or by specific names, such as jumbal or macaroon, the Dutch called the koekjes, a diminutive of koek (cake)...
In most English-speaking countries, the traditional definition of biscuit remains. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term "biscuit" debuted in the 14th century. The essential ingredients are flour and water, or milk, without leaven; but confectionery and fancy biscuits are very variously composed and flavoured. Etymologists note that by the early 1700s, koekje had been Anglicized into "cookie" or "cookey," and the word clearly had become part of the American vernacular.
Renaissance cookbooks were rich in cookie recipes, and by the 17th Century, cookies were common-place." "The term [cookie] first appeared in print as long ago as 1703." ---The Oxford Companion to Food, Alan Davidson [Oxford University Press: Oxford] (page 212).
For upwards of thirty years, also, the firm have had a reputation for soda biscuits.317) A little bit of cookie history The book Cookies and Crackers, Time/Life Books, 1982 (page 5) provides a history of cookies that is perfect for elementary gourmets: "The art of making cookies and crackers is that of turning simple ingredients into wonderful things....Like cakes and pastries, cookies and crackers are the descendants of the earliest food cooked by man-- -grain-water-paste baked on hot stones by Neolithic farmers 10,000 years ago.The change in the demand for biscuit and cracker output was clearly a shift from staple to 'luxury' products.Unlike the demand for bread, there was little opportunity for cracker bakers to benefit form a home to factory movement.
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Recipes for jumbles, a spiced butter cookie, and for macaroons, based on beaten egg whites and almonds, were common in the earliest American cookbooks...